An increase in the refugee quota to compensate for the previous year’s shortfall results in a record number of Jewish refugees arriving in the U.S. from the former Soviet Union. The number, 46,870, exceeds all fiscal year totals since the Soviet Union eased restrictions on emigration in the late 1980s.
FORMER SOVIET UNION
The Va'ad of Russia (the Federation of Jewish Organizations and Communities of Russia) is established at a convention in Nizhny Novgorod.
Bosnia and Herzegovina announce their independence from Yugoslavia, sparking a bloody civil war between Serbs, Croats and Muslims.
- Jewish emigrants from the USSR: 108,292
- Soviet Jewish immigrants to US: 46,870
- Soviet Jewish immigrants to Israel: 65,100
By the end of 1992, there are an estimated 970,000 Jews left in the former Soviet Union. There are 27 Jewish day schools, over 130 Sunday and afternoon schools and an association of 30 rabbis.
Israel establishes diplomatic relations with the majority of the ex-Soviet republics. As civil wars begin to erupt in some of these new nations, some Jewish communities find themselves caught in the crossfire. Israel carries out emergency airlifts of Jews from Tajikistan and Abkhazia.
While most of the year’s 108,292 Jewish emigrants choose Israel as their destination, a sizeable number continue to opt for the U.S., Germany and other countries. The leading destination city for Soviet Jewish immigrants to the U.S. is Brooklyn, New York, followed by Los Angeles, California.