HIAS is awarded a three-year grant from the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Refugee Resettlement to help represent a unified voice for the Russian-speaking population through LOREO (Local Russian Émigré Organizations). The Russian-speaking community in the U.S. establishes six HIAS scholarship funds.
RUSSIA and the FORMER SOVIET UNION
As an alternative to the Conference of Leaders of Jewish Organizations (affiliated with the Russian Jewish Congress), the Chabad-oriented Federation of Jewish Communities establishes the Association of Jewish Public Organizations. Chabad’s presence within the Jewish communal world continues to grow.
The JDC establishes Jewish family services modeled on those in the U.S.
The 2002 Jewish Community Study of New York finds that there are 220,000 Russian-speaking Jews in the New York area and that one in every five Jewish persons in New York City lives in a Russian-speaking household. Sixty-two percent of Russian Jews in the New York area live in Brooklyn and 19 percent in Queens.
- Jewish emigrants from the FSU: 19, 997
- Soviet Jewish immigrants to US: 2,483
- Soviet Jewish immigrants to Israel: 17,511
The Russian census counts 259,000 Jews, down from 551,000 in 1989. Emigration, low fertility, intermarriage and mortality account for the decline. Most Jews live in Moscow and St. Petersburg. In Ukraine, there are 103,700 Jews, down from 486,000 in 1989. These numbers are disputed by Jewish leaders, however, who claim that the Jewish population has been undercounted.